Age and growth-related changes in cyclopiazonic acid-potentiated lipophilic cation accumulation by cultured cells and binding to freeze-thaw lysed cells
Riley RT, Goeger DE, Norred WP, Cole RJ, Dorner JW.
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Athens, GA.
In a previous study (1) we demonstrated that increased tetraphenylphosphonium (TPP) uptake by renal epithelial cells (LLC-PK1) exposed to the fungal metabolite cyclopiazonic acid (CPA) was not a result of hyperpolarization across the plasma membrane even though CPA-potentiated TPP uptake could be totally inhibited by the depolarizing agent carbonylcyanide-m-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP). We now demonstrate that CPA potentiates TPP accumulation by proliferating skeletal muscle (L6) and LLC-PK1 cells but not by nonproliferating primary rat hepatocytes. In LLC-PK1 cells, CPA-potentiated TPP accumulation is observed in cells at all ages. In L6 cells, CPA-potentiated TPP accumulation is maximal soon after subculturing, and as the cells age they become less sensitive to CPA until TPP accumulation by CPA-treated cells approaches that of untreated cells. The temporal change in sensitivity of L6 cells to CPA may be related to biochemical and/or metabolic changes which occur as the cells age in culture. Hepatocytes, LLC-PK1 cells, and L6 cells permeabilized by freeze-thaw lysis, all exhibit CPA-potentiated TPP partitioning, even in the presence of CCCP. This result indicates that both TPP and CPA must have access to the intracellular space in order for potentiated TPP partitioning to be observed. We hypothesize that the site of interaction between CPA and TPP is intracellular and probably associated with the cytoplasmic side of the plasma membrane and possibly the mitochondria.